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Natural resources in sub-Saharan Africa : assets and vulnerabilities
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Holmberg, Johan and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2008
Africa is rich in oil and mineral resources, but has severe shortages of water and suffers from an accelerating pressure on its arable land and forests. Climate change is expected to cause major problems for African populations with increase of water stress and severely compromised agricultural production. Local food supplies will be negatively affected and, towards the end of the 21st century, sea-level rise will affect low-lying coastal areas. The report argues that the poorest countries are most vulnerable to climate change and that Africa is particularl...
Young women in African wars
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Coulter, Chris; Persson, Mariam; Utas, Mats and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2007
Young women are combatants in contemporary African wars. They also participate in a whole array of different roles. However, by and large, they remain invisible to us. In fact, our “northern” hackneyed views on women’s innate non-participation in war prevent us from seeing specific needs for young women during and in the aftermath of wars. For instance, disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programmes often fail to address appropriate needs for young women and in a variety of ways “prevent” them from partaking. Issues of stigma, safe demobilisation, ...
Persuasive prevention : Towards a Principle for Implementing Article 4(h) and R2P by the African Union
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Kuwali, Dan and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation; Uppsala published in 2009
While the legality of intervention without Security Council authorisation is still debatablein international law, over-reliance on military intervention increases the risk of too much focus on reactive rather than proactive strategies. If the thresholds for Article 4(h) intervention – like those of the responsibility to protect – are serious international crimes subject to universal jurisdiction, it follows that measures to ensure the observance of the law in prospect, rather than intervention and penalisation of violations in retrospect,are important in preventing violations. Ther...
The new African initiative and the African Union : a preliminary assessment and documentation
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Melber, Henning and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2001
During the year 2000 an initiative among the African states to transform the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) into the African Union (AU) gained momentum. It resulted in the ratification of the Constitutive Act and its adoption at the 36th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government in July 2001 in Lusaka. Parallel to this process of reorganisation towards closer inter-state collaboration on the African continent in the spirit of Pan Africanism emerged the systematic effort to redefine developmental priorities and to claim a&#x...
Young female fighters in African wars : conflict and its consequences
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Utas, Mats; Persson, Mariam; Coulter, Chris and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation; Uppsala published in 2008
In the numerous armed conflicts that are tearing the African continent apart, young women are participants and carry guns alongside their male comrades-in-arms. Challenging the stereotype of women in African wars as victims only, this issue of the Nordic Africa Institute Policy Dialogues shows how in modern African wars women have often been as active as men. Female fighters are victimized, yet they are not mere victims. Girls and young women who volunteer to fight often possess quite considerable strength and independence. Programmes for disarming, demobilizing...
Participation of the Diaspora in the Joint Africa-EU Strategic Partnership
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Mohamoud, Awil and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration; Uppsala published in 2009
The Joint Africa-EU Strategic Partnership and Action Plan was adopted in Lisbon in 2007. This new strategy, which is often referred to as a ‘people-centred partnership’, was launched with the purpose of scaling-up political dialogue between the African Union (AU) and the EU in the interests of building a solid and sustainable continent-to-continent partnership. It aims to reinvigorate and elevate cooperation between Africa and Europe in the fight against poverty, injustice, human rights violations, lawlessness, insecurity and political and social instability. The priorities&#x...
Again at the crossroads : Rwanda and Burundi, 2000-2001
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Reyntjens, Filip and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2001
This report is the third overview by Filip Reyntjens on recent developments in Rwanda and Burundi. The first one "Talking or Fighting?" (published 1999) covered the period 1998-1999, the second one "Small States in an Unstable region"covered the period 1999-2000. In the new publication the political evolution of Rwanda and Burundi is investigated in a broader regional geopolitical context.
Nile Basin cooperation : a review of the literature
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Mohamoda, Dahilon Yassin and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2003
Two interrelated developments can be identified in the Nile basin, during the last decade: an emphasis on potential conflict over the Nile waters on the one hand, and an evolving process of basin-wide cooperation on the other. The history of the Nile basin is dominated by tensions and conflicts. Relationships between major Nile basin countries are usually described in terms of mutual distrust and confrontation. The Nile basin, moreover, has frequently been referred to by many observers and analysts as an example where conflict over water resources as&#...
The African Union and the challenges of implementing the “responsibility to protect”
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Kuwali, Daniel and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2009
The concept of the “responsibility to protect” (“R2P”) was endorsed by the world’s leaders sitting at the 2005 World Summit level in the UN General Assembly. The World Summit Outcome Document affirmed that every sovereign government has a responsibility to protect its citizens and those within its jurisdiction from genocide, war crimes, “ethnic cleansing” and crimes against humanity (UN 2005 paras. 138–139). The concept of R2P is cast in the three core pillars: first, an affirmation of the primary and continuing obligation of individual states to protect&#x...
Demography and the development potential of sub-Saharan Africa
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Malmberg, Bo and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2008
Population growth in Africa has laid the foundation for the eventual development of a prosperous region. Since the 1950s, sub-Saharan Africa has doubled its population twice over to become one of the most populous regions in the world. If sub-Saharan Africa succeeds in taking advantage of this population potential, the sub-continent could become a major player in the world economy. A major reason sub-Saharan Africa remains poor is the very high child-dependency arising from a very high total fertility rate, and low life expectancy based on both high&#x...