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Results 1-10 of 49 (Search time: 0.003 seconds).
Natural resources in sub-Saharan Africa : assets and vulnerabilities
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Holmberg, Johan and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2008
Africa is rich in oil and mineral resources, but has severe shortages of water and suffers from an accelerating pressure on its arable land and forests. Climate change is expected to cause major problems for African populations with increase of water stress and severely compromised agricultural production. Local food supplies will be negatively affected and, towards the end of the 21st century, sea-level rise will affect low-lying coastal areas. The report argues that the poorest countries are most vulnerable to climate change and that Africa is particularl...
Favouring a Demonised Plant : Khat and Ethiopian smallholder enterprises
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Gessesse, Dessie and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources; Uppsala published in 2013
Khat is a plant native to Ethiopia that has been consumed over several centuries as a mental and physical stimulant. This report outlines khat’s role as a source of livelihood. Khat, dubbed a social ill by many, is at the same time part and parcel of the livelihoods of many others. With consumption of the stimulant spreading to many parts of Africa, Europe, North America, Asia and Australia, khat production has become a controversial global issue. In most European and North American countries khat is illegal. The debates so far focus...
Youth and the labour market in Liberia : on history, state structures and spheres of informalities
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Lindberg, Emy and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation; Uppsala published in 2014
This study explores the historical development of the Liberian labor market with a particular focus on young men and women. It asks, what constitutes and shapes the Liberian labour market? By looking at labour mobilization and the structure of the (in)formal labour market – both in peace and war – our understanding of the contemporary Liberian labour marketis substantially enhanced. The study finds that there are many recurring patterns of labor migration, labor mobilization and distribution that have existed in the Liberian pre-war, war and post-war settin...
Young women in African wars
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Coulter, Chris; Persson, Mariam; Utas, Mats and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2007
Young women are combatants in contemporary African wars. They also participate in a whole array of different roles. However, by and large, they remain invisible to us. In fact, our “northern” hackneyed views on women’s innate non-participation in war prevent us from seeing specific needs for young women during and in the aftermath of wars. For instance, disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programmes often fail to address appropriate needs for young women and in a variety of ways “prevent” them from partaking. Issues of stigma, safe demobilisation, ...
Persuasive prevention : Towards a Principle for Implementing Article 4(h) and R2P by the African Union
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Kuwali, Dan and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation; Uppsala published in 2009
While the legality of intervention without Security Council authorisation is still debatablein international law, over-reliance on military intervention increases the risk of too much focus on reactive rather than proactive strategies. If the thresholds for Article 4(h) intervention – like those of the responsibility to protect – are serious international crimes subject to universal jurisdiction, it follows that measures to ensure the observance of the law in prospect, rather than intervention and penalisation of violations in retrospect,are important in preventing violations. Ther...
The new African initiative and the African Union : a preliminary assessment and documentation
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Melber, Henning and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2001
During the year 2000 an initiative among the African states to transform the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) into the African Union (AU) gained momentum. It resulted in the ratification of the Constitutive Act and its adoption at the 36th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government in July 2001 in Lusaka. Parallel to this process of reorganisation towards closer inter-state collaboration on the African continent in the spirit of Pan Africanism emerged the systematic effort to redefine developmental priorities and to claim a&#x...
Young female fighters in African wars : conflict and its consequences
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Utas, Mats; Persson, Mariam; Coulter, Chris and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation; Uppsala published in 2008
In the numerous armed conflicts that are tearing the African continent apart, young women are participants and carry guns alongside their male comrades-in-arms. Challenging the stereotype of women in African wars as victims only, this issue of the Nordic Africa Institute Policy Dialogues shows how in modern African wars women have often been as active as men. Female fighters are victimized, yet they are not mere victims. Girls and young women who volunteer to fight often possess quite considerable strength and independence. Programmes for disarming, demobilizing...
Participation of the Diaspora in the Joint Africa-EU Strategic Partnership
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Mohamoud, Awil and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration; Uppsala published in 2009
The Joint Africa-EU Strategic Partnership and Action Plan was adopted in Lisbon in 2007. This new strategy, which is often referred to as a ‘people-centred partnership’, was launched with the purpose of scaling-up political dialogue between the African Union (AU) and the EU in the interests of building a solid and sustainable continent-to-continent partnership. It aims to reinvigorate and elevate cooperation between Africa and Europe in the fight against poverty, injustice, human rights violations, lawlessness, insecurity and political and social instability. The priorities&#x...
When everything depends on the rain : Drought, rain-fed agriculture and food security
Article in journal; article; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Oestigaard, Terje and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Agrarian Change, Property and Resources; Uppsala, Sweden published in 2012
The Oil Industry in Uganda; A Blessing in Disguise or an all Too Familiar Curse? : The 2012 Claude Ake Memorial Lecture
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute; Nordic Africa Institute Created By Mbabazi, Pamela K. and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2013
As Uganda comes closer to full scale commercial production of its recently discovered oil resources, the state has much work to protect its economy from possible negative effects. Although much of the literature regarding oil globally, as well as in Uganda, paints a rather pessimistic picture, Dr. Pamela Mbabazi provides a set of alternatives, looking at oil as an opportunity rather than a curse. While oil is still in its infancy, many in Uganda have already predicted how it will play out over the next 50 years. While some are quick ...