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Results 1-10 of 15 (Search time: 0.002 seconds).
Inequality and Identity : Causes of War?
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Holmqvist, Göran and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration published in 2012
In this paper, four theories on the causes of civil war are reviewed. One theory, associated with Paul Collier, emphasises feasibility over factors related to grievance. A second theory, espoused by Frances Stewart, focuses on the role of horizontal inequalities. The third theory, identified with William Zartman, highlights the different roles “need, creed and greed” factors play in various phases of a conflict. And the fourth theory, associated with the World Bank /World Development Report 2011, points out “commitment” problems leading to institutional failures ...
Why South Sudan conflict is proving intractable : Ugandan forces and lack of international commitment two reasons
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Bereketeab, Redie and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation; Uppsala published in 2015
In December 2013 war broke out in South Sudan as a result of the power struggle between President Salva Kiir and the ex-vice president Riek Machar. Violence from both sides led to massacres and millions of displaced persons. Agreements to end hostilities have so far been violated. A sustainable peace calls for Ugandan forces to leave South Sudan. The political parties have to reform and be a part of national reconciliation instead of fighting one another.
Who needs to reconcile with whom? : the conflict’s complexity in northern Mali calls for tailored solutions
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Gaasholt, Ole Martin and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation; Uppsala published in 2015
While negotiations are taking place in Algiers, some observers insist on the need for reconciliation between Northern Mali and the rest of the country and particularly between Tuareg and other Malians. But the Tuareg are a minority in Northern Mali and most of them did not support the rebels. So who needs to be reconciled with whom? And what economic solutions will counteract conflict? This Policy Note argues that not only exclusion underlies the conflict, but also a lack of economic opportunities.
Yesterday warlord, today presidential candidate : ex-military leaders running for office in post-civil war societies
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Abraham, Fofana; Persson, Henrik; Themnér, Anders and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit; Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit; University of Liberia, Liberia; Uppsala published in 2019
In many African countries where civil war raged not so long ago, former warlords are today running for office in elections. This policy note assesses the effect that these warlord democrats have on democratisation and security.
Nigeria and the Lake Chad Region beyond Boko Haram
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Angerbrandt, Henrik and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit; Uppsala published in 2017
In light of a recent UN Security Council resolution on the Lake Chad region, this policy note identifies major challenges that need to be addressed to create conditions for actors in the region to build a lasting peace. The issues include demobilising local vigilantes and resolving land-related conflicts.
Peace negotiations and agreements in Africa : why they fail and how to improve them
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Adetula, Victor; Murithi, Tim; Buchanan-Clarke, Stephen and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit; Institute for Justice and Reconciliation, Cape Town, South Africa; Institute for Justice and Reconciliation, Cape Town, South Africa; Uppsala published in 2018
Peace is not just the absence of conflict. The self-interest lying behind external ‘support’ can take many shapes. The pursuit of justice can sometimes thwart peace efforts. And, last but not least, simply adding more women to peace negotiations will not break male-centric norms.
Beyond ”Gender and Stir” : Reflections on gender and SSR in the aftermath of African conflicts
Collection (editor); book; text, Created By Eriksson Baaz, Maria; Utas, Mats; Nordic Africa Institute and Published By Uppsala published in 2012
As a policy field largely characterised by handbooks and manuals, gender and Security Sector Reform (SSR) has been insufficiently studied and analysed. Analytical discussion of what gendering SSRmeans is quite rare, as is the study of the already gendered nature of the security institutions that are the subject of intervention. This policy dialogue unpacks aspects of the discourses and practices regarding gender and SSR. It highlights limitations and problems both in the conceptualisation of gender and its incorporation into practical SSR work. The publication also&#...
The Sahel crisis and the need for international support
Book; book; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Bøås, Morten and Published By Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI), Oslo, Norway; Uppsala published in 2019
The crisis in the Sahel is serious and multidimensional, and if it continues unabated it could have consequences far beyond the region. As the states of the region are too poor and weak to deal with this on their own, international support is needed. It is therefore a positive sign that the region of Sahel is higher on the international agenda than it has ever been. The challenge, however, is that current international approaches and interventions in the Sahel are more in line with short-term external priorities, such as stopping irregul...
A gendered perspective on the impact of conflict in the Horn of Africa
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Abdi, Cawo, M. and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation; Uppsala published in 2011
This Policy Note focuses on the gendered consequences of the militarisation of the Horn of Africa. Despite being in different ‘moments’ of conflict, the countries of this region share features of extreme social, economic and political violence, which impact negatively on their citizens. Protracted refugee and refugee-like conditions, extreme disinvestment in social programmes, increasing militarisation and political repression adversely affect women, thereby further entrenching gender disparities. Concerted national and international efforts and resources should support local democratic initiatives&#x...
Comprendre et aborder les violences sexuelles liées aux conflits : Enseignements tirés de la République Démocratique du Congo
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Eriksson Baaz, Maria; Stern, Maria and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation; Uppsala published in 2010
Le paysage de guerre de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC) a acquis une exécrable réputation dans le monde entier à cause des rapports sur l’échelle massive des violences sexuelles. Bien qu’un nombre énorme d’autres formes de violences et d’abus aient également été commises à grande échelle, ce sont les violences sexuelles qui ont reçu la plupart de l’attention mondiale, en particulier parmi les observateurs «de l’extérieur». D’innombrables rapports, articles de journaux, coupures de presse, appels et documentaires ont été consacrés à cette question. Un g...