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Results 1-10 of 19 (Search time: 0.003 seconds).
Abbot Pfanner, the Glen Grey Act and the Native Question
Journal article, Created By Denis, Philippe and Published By Taylor & Francis Group in English language
In November 1893 Franz Pfanner, a Catholic missionary born in Austria, founder of the Trappist monastery of Mariannhill near Pinetown, sent to two Natal newspapers an article on the Native Question which attracted a fair amount of attention. A more elaborate version of his proposals was published the following year in the form of a pamphlet. Pfanner recommended the establishment of villages in Natal for African people where each of them would receive a plot to build a house and do agricultural work. In May and again in July 1894, The...
Africa's quest for a cashless economy gains momentum
Journal article, Created By Ighobor, Kingsley and Published By United Nations Department of Public Information in English language
A shift in Western development agency thinking? The case for second best
Journal article, Created By Bekker, Simon and Published By Taylor & Francis Group in English language
This review essay illustrates a turn in Western development agency thinking in two recent publications intended for development agencies and African "reformers," by authors with long careers in Western development institutions. Both publications explicitly reject - at least for the short to medium term - a comprehensive "good governance" approach to development. Subsequently, a publication entitled Violence and Social Orders, authored by three American scholars with an interest in the role of institutions in historical change, is reviewed since it is a cruc...
Africa rising? A Historical Perspective
Journal article, Created By Frankema, Ewout and Published By Oxford University Press in English language
Sub-Saharan Africa's recent economic boom has raised hopes and expectations to lift the regions' 'bottom millions' out of poverty by 2030. How realistic is that goal? We approach this question by comparing the experiences of three front-runners of region-specific development trajectories - Britain's capital-intensive, Japan's labour-intensive, and Ghana's land-extensive growth path, highlighting some historical analogies that are relevant for Africa, but often overlooked in the current 'Africa rising' debate. We draw particular attention to Africa's demographic boom&...
Attracting foreign direct investment for growth and development in Sub-Saharan Africa: Policy options and strategic alternatives
Journal article, Created By Abdulai, David N. and Published By CODESRIA in English language
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) plays an important role in fostering economic growth and development in developing countries. While FDI is know to bring to the latter much needed capital for their growth and development efforts, it also brings with it skills and new technology. For most countries in sub-Saharan Africa, whose economies have recently recovered from a long period of stagnation, FDI inflows are needed to accelerate growth, and development. Several countries in the region registered impressive growth rates in the 1990s, with some attaining and s...
Introduction: Localizing the history of development in Africa
Journal article, Created By Hadfield, Leslie A. and Published By African Studies Centre, Boston University in English language
An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses articles in the issue on topics including the history of development in Africa, the importance of national and transnational phenomenon in the postcolonial period and the implementation of development projects.
Is Poverty in the African DNA (Gene)?
Journal article, Created By Asongu, Simplice A. and Published By John Wiley & Sons Publishing Company in English language
A 2015 World Bank report on attainment of Millennium Development Goals concludes that the number of extremely poor has dropped substantially in all regions with the exception of Sub-Saharan Africa. We assess if poverty is in the African gene by revisiting the findings of Ashraf and Galor and reformulating the "Out of Africa Hypothesis" into a "Genetic Diversity Hypothesis" for a "Within Africa Analysis." We motivate this reformulation with five shortcomings largely drawn from the 2015 findings of the African Gerome Variation Project, notably:...
Growth and Poverty Reduction in Africa in the Last Two Decades: Evidence from an AERC Growth-Poverty Project and Beyond
Journal article, Created By Mckay, Andy and Published By Oxford University Press (OUP) in English language
Sub-Saharan Africa has seen a return to good economic growth performance in the last 15 years, and especially in the last 5–10 years; while this partly reflects the good performance of commodities, several other factors are also important. Focusing on 25 of the largest 26 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, this paper asks the question of how this growth has translated into poverty reduction, drawing on household survey evidence from countries that have comparable surveys at more than one point in time, and looking at non-monetary poverty as well as&...
Gender and Economic Development in Africa: An Overview
Journal article, Created By Manda, Damiano K. and Published By Oxford University Press (OUP) in English language
Despite progress made towards achieving gender equality in African countries for instance by ratification of international and regional conventions and commitments by African countries, gender inequality is still prevalent and continues to be a major challenge in Africa. The majority of women work in the informal sector or on small pieces of land and are engaged in care work with little or no pay. Also, women have limited access to credit, land, agricultural inputs, equipment and extension services, as well as markets for their produce than men. Some&#...
Learning from a Bitter Past? The Behavioral Effect of a Child's Death on Mothers
Journal article, Created By Sato, Ryoko and Published By Oxford University Press (OUP) in English language
Using Demographic and Health Surveys from twenty-seven African countries, I examine the effect of the death of infants on their mothers' health behaviors for the birth of their subsequent children. Controlling for the location and the year of a child's birth and utilising the timing of the child's death, I find that the experience of a child's death induces a mother's behavioral changes. Mothers, who experienced the death of their first child before the second child was born, were 3.0 percentage points more likely to deliver their s...